Brazilian cuisine varies greatly depending on the region, reflecting the varied mix of indigenous and immigrant populations in the country. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. Examples are the feijoada, considered the national dish of the country; and regional foods such as beiju, feijão tropeiro, vatapá, moqueca, polenta (from Italian cuisine) and acarajé (from African cuisine).
The national drink is coffee and cachaça is the native liquor of Brazil. Cachaça is distilled from sugar cane and is the main ingredient of the national cocktail, Caipirinha.
A typical meal consists mainly of rice and beans with meat, salad, French fries and a fried egg. It is often mixed with cassava flour (farofa). French fries, fried yucca, fried plantain, fried meat and fried cheese are usually eaten at lunch and served in most typical restaurants. The popular sandwiches are cake (a fried cake); coxinha (a variation of chicken croquettes); pão de queijo (cheese bread and cassava flour / tapioca); pamonha (corn paste and milk); esfirra (a variation of Lebanese pastry); kibbeh (from the Arab kitchen); Empanada (pastry) and empada, small salt cakes stuffed with shrimp or palmito.
Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros (chocolate balls), bollo de rolo, cocada (a coconut candy), beijinhos (coconut and clove truffles) and romeu e julieta (cheese with goiabada). Peanuts are used to make paçoca, rapadura and pé-de-moleque. Common local fruits such as açaí, cupuaçu, mango, papaya, cocoa, cashew, guava, orange, lime, passion fruit. Pineapple and plum are turned into juices and used to make chocolates, popsicles and ice cream.
The Brazilian film industry began at the end of the 19th century, during the first days of the Belle Époque. While there were national film productions at the beginning of the 20th century, in Rio de Janeiro American films such as Rio el Magnífico were made to promote tourism in the city. The films Limite (1931) and Ganga Bruta (1933), the latter produced by Adhemar Gonzaga through the prolific studio Cinédia, were poorly received at the premiere and failed at the box office, but today they are acclaimed and are among the best Brazilian films of all the times. The unfinished film It Is All True. Was divided into four segments, two of which were filmed in Brazil and directed by Orson Welles; It was originally produced as part of the Good Neighbor Policy of the United States during the government of Estado Novo of Getúlio Vargas.
During the 1960s, the Cinema Novo movement became famous with directors such as Glauber Rocha, Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Paulo Cesar Saraceni and Arnaldo Jabor. The films of Rocha Deus eo Diabo na Terra do Sol (1964) and Terra em Transe (1967) are considered some of the greatest and most influential in the history of Brazilian cinema.
During the 1990s, Brazil experienced a wave of critical and commercial successes with films like O Quatrilho (Fábio Barreto, 1995), O Que É Isso, Companheiro? (Bruno Barreto, 1997) and Central do Brasil (Walter Salles, 1998), all of whom were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, the latter received a Best Actress nomination by Fernanda Montenegro. The 2002 crime film, City of God, directed by Fernando Meirelles, was critically acclaimed and scored 90% on Rotten Tomatoes, was placed on the list of Best Films of the Roger Ebert Decade and received four nominations to the Academy Awards in 2004, including Best Director. The most important film festivals in Brazil include the international film festivals of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and the Gramado Festival.