The theater in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion, when the theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the sixteenth century. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the first dramatists who appeared on the scene of the European derivation were for courtly or private performances. During the nineteenth century, dramatic theater gained importance and thickness, whose first representative was Luis Carlos Martins Pena (1813-1848), capable of describing contemporary reality. Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production prevailed. Significant, also in the nineteenth century, was also the playwright Antônio Gonçalves Dias. There were also numerous operas and orchestras. Brazilian conductor Antonio Gomes became internationally known with operas such as Il Guarany. At the end of the 19th century, orchestrated dramaturgies became very popular and were accompanied by songs by famous artists such as conductor Chiquinha Gonzaga.
Already at the beginning of the 20th century there was a presence of theaters, businessmen and companies of actors, but, paradoxically, the quality of the products wobbled, and only in 1940 the Brazilian theater received a renewal impulse thanks to the action of Paschoal Carlos Magno and your students the theater, the group of comedians and the Italian actors Adolfo Celi, Ruggero Jacobbi and Aldo Calvo, founders of the Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia. Since the 1960s he attended a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and the flourishing of drama schools. The most outstanding authors in this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna.
Brazilian painting emerged at the end of the 16th century, influenced by baroque, rococo, neoclassicism, romanticism, realism, modernism, expressionism, surrealism, cubism and abstracionism what is a great art style called Brazilian academic art. The Missão Artística Francesa (French artistic mission) arrived in Brazil in 1816 and proposed the creation of an art academy inspired by the respected Académie des Beaux-Arts, with graduation courses for artists and artisans for activities such as modeling, decoration, carpentry and others, and artists like Jean-Baptiste Debret.
After the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, the new artistic movements spread throughout the country during the nineteenth century and, subsequently, the event called Modern Art Week broke definitively with the academic tradition in and began a nationalist trend that was influenced by the modernist arts. Among the most famous Brazilian painters are Ricardo do Pilar and Manuel da Costa Ataíde (Baroque and Rococo), Victor Meirelles, Pedro Américo and Almeida Junior (romanticism and realism), Anita Malfatti, Ismael Nery, Lasar Segall, Emiliano di Cavalcanti, Vicente do Rego Monteiro, and Tarsila do Amaral (expressionism, surrealism and cubism), Aldo Bonadei, José Pancetti and Cândido Portinari (modernism).
The most popular sport in Brazil is football. The Brazilian men’s national team is ranked among the best in the world according to the FIFA World Ranking, and has won the World Cup tournament a record five times.
Volleyball, basketball, car racing and martial arts also attract large audiences. The national men’s volleyball team of Brazil, for example, currently holds the titles of the World League, the Grand Champions World Cup, the World Championship and the World Cup. In the car races, three Brazilian riders have won the Formula One World Championship eight times.
Some sports variations have their origins in Brazil: beach soccer, indoor football (futsal) and footvolley emerged in Brazil as variations of football. In martial arts, the Brazilians developed Capoeira, Vale tudo, and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
Brazil has hosted several high-profile international sporting events, such as the 1950 FIFA World Cup and recently hosted the 2014 FIFA World Cup. The São Paulo Circuit, José Carlos Autodrome, hosts the annual Grand Prix of Brazil. Sao Paulo organized the IV Pan American Games in 1963, and Rio de Janeiro hosted the XV Pan American Games in 2007. On October 2, 2009, Rio de Janeiro was selected to host the 2016 Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, which it makes it the first South American city to host games and the second in Latin America, after Mexico City. In addition, the country hosted the FIBA Basketball World Cups in 1954 and 1963. In the 1963 event, the national basketball team of Brazil won one of their two world championship titles.